Poverty

Trends and spatial patterns in agricultural productivity in Africa, 1961-2010
Authors
Samuel Benin, Alejandro Nin Pratt, Stanley Wood, Zhe Guo
Publisher
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
Publication date
yuan 1 Oct, 2012 12:01
Location
https://ebrary.ifpri.org/digital/collection/p15738coll2/id/127142

The Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) provides an agriculture-led integrated framework of development priorities aimed at reducing poverty and increasing food security by achieving an average of 6 percent agricultural growth rate every year.

Inheritance Practices and Gender Differences in Poverty and Well-Being in Rural Ethiopia

Authors
Neha Kumar, Agnes Quisumbing
Publisher
Development Policy Review
Publication date
Location
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1467-7679.2012.00589.x
Source / Citation
Neha Kumar and Agnes Quisumbing 2012. "Inheritance Practices and Gender Differences in Poverty and Well-Being in Rural Ethiopia" Development Policy Review 30(5): 573-595. Special issue on Inheritance and the intergenerational transmission of poverty.
Country

This article examines the role of men's and women's asset inheritance in poverty and well-being in rural Ethiopia. Data from the Ethiopian Rural Household Survey (1997, 2004, and 2009) are used to investigate the following. (i) What is the long-term impact of gender differentials in inheritance on household consumption, poverty and food security? (ii) Are there significant differences in poverty and well-being between male-and female-headed households?

Biofuels and Economic Development: A Computable General Equilibrium Analysis for Tanzania

Authors
Arndt, Channing
Pauw, Karl
Thurlow, James
Publisher
Energy Economics
Publication date
Location
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140988312001648?v=s5
Source / Citation
Arndt, C., Pauw, K., and Thurlow, J., 2012. "Biofuels and Economic Development: A Computable General Equilibrium Analysis for Tanzania" Energy Economics. Article in Press. First published online on August 10, 2012
Country

Biofuels could offer new economic opportunities for low-income countries. We use a recursive dynamic computable general equilibrium model of Tanzania to evaluate different biofuels production options and estimate their impacts on growth and poverty. Our results indicate that maximizing the poverty-reducing effects of biofuels production in countries like Tanzania will require engaging and improving the productivity of smallholder farmers. Evidence shows that cassava-based ethanol production is more profitable than other feedstock options.

A 2007 Social Accounting Matrix for Uganda (documentation)

Authors
James Thurlow
Publisher
IFPRI
Publication date
Location
https://www.ifpri.org/sites/default/files/publications/2007uganda_sam.pdf
Country

This paper documents a Ugandan Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) for the year 2007. The SAM is based on newly estimated supply-use tables, national accounts, government budgets, and balance of payments. The SAM reconciles these data using cross-entropy estimation techniques. The final SAM is a detailed representation of Uganda’s economy. It separates 37 activities and commodities; 5 types of factors of production; and 5 representative household groups.

Strategies and Priorities for African Agriculture: Economywide perspectives from country studies

Authors
Diao, Xinshen (ed.)
Thurlow, James (ed.)
Benin, Samuel (ed.)
Fan, Shenggen (ed.)
Publisher
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
Publication date
Location
https://www.ifpri.org/sites/default/files/publications/oc73.pdf

For the first time in many years, Africa has enjoyed a period of strong and sustained economic growth. The agricultural sector has also grown at a moderate rate, and this growth has contributed to significant reductions in poverty in many African countries. This improved agricultural performance is consistent with continentwide initiatives—one of the most important being the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme—which aim to raise rural incomes, reduce poverty, and increase food and nutrition security through agricultural investment and growth.

Monitoring Agricultural Sector Performance, Growth, and Poverty in Africa

Authors
Johnson, M., B. Omilola, K. Flaherty, T. Makombe, M. MacNeil, and L. Horowitz
Publisher
Regional Strategic Analysis and Knowledge Support System (ReSAKSS)
Publication date
Location
https://www.resakss.org/index.php?pdf=1354
Source / Citation
Johnson, M., B. Omilola, K. Flaherty, T. Makombe, M. MacNeil, and L. Horowitz. ReSAKSS Annual Trends Report 2008: Monitoring Agricultural Sector Performance, Growth, and Poverty in Africa.

The Regional Strategic Analysis and Knowledge Support System (ReSAKSS) is an Africa-wide network of regional nodes supporting the Common Market of Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the Southern African Development Community (SADC), in collaboration with the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and the Africa-based centers of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), to facilitate the implement

Weathering the Storm: Agricultural Development, Investment, and Poverty in Africa Following the Recent Food Price Crisis

Authors
Omilola, B. and M. Lambert
Publisher
Regional Strategic Analysis and Knowledge Support System (ReSAKSS)
Publication date
Location
https://www.resakss.org/index.php?pdf=42774
Source / Citation
Omilola, B. and M. Lambert. 2010. Weathering the Storm: Agricultural Development, Investment, and Poverty in Africa Following the Recent Food Price Crisis.ReSAKSS-Africa Wide Annual Trends and Outlook Report 2009.

The Regional Strategic Analysis and Knowledge Support System (ReSAKSS) is an Africa-wide network of regional nodes supporting the Common Market of Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the Southern African Development Community (SADC), in collaboration with the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and the Africa-based centers of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), to facilitate the implement

No. 0001 - Poverty, Growth, and Income Distribution in Kenya: A SAM Perspective

Authors
Wachira Rhoda Gakuru and Naomi Muthoni Mathenge
Publisher
AGRODEP
Publication date
Source / Citation
Gakuru, W. R. and Mathenge, N. M., 2012. Poverty, Growth, and Income Distribution in Kenya: A SAM Perspective. AGRODEP Working Paper 0001. Washington, DC: International Food Policy Research Institute.
Country

This study seeks to highlight the level of income inequality in Kenya and its implications on various poverty reduction policies. The 2003 Kenya SAM is used to develop a multiplier simulation model which tracks the linkages among demand-driven shocks and economic growth, income generation, and income distribution for different economic groups.

Food insecurity in Mali: Identifying Vulnerable Households with Precision

Authors
Ibrahima Bocoum
Publisher
CIRAD
Publication date
Location
http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2012/science/food-insecurity-in-mali-perspective-14
Country

In 2010, 16% of people in developing countries were undernourished; way above the 10% target set by the Millennium Development Goals. This poor result calls into question food security policies, which are often based on macroeconomic indicators.

Poverty and Prime-Age Mortality in Eastern and Southern Africa: Evidence from Zambia and Kenya

Authors
Antony Chapoto, Lilian Kirimi, Suneetha Kadiyala
Publisher
World Development
Publication date
Location
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305750X12000927
Country

Using nationwide longitudinal household survey data from rural Kenya (1997–2004) and Zambia (2001–2004), we estimate probit models to identify the socio-economic correlates of disease-related mortality of individuals between the ages of 15 and 59.