Poverty Analysis

Collective action and property rights for poverty reduction: Insights from Africa and Asia

Authors
Esther Mwangi, Helen Markelova, and Ruth Meinzen-Dick
Publisher
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
Publication date
Location
https://www.ifpri.org/publication/collective-action-and-property-rights-poverty-reduction-1

Collective action and property rights are two institutions that can significantly contribute to poverty reduction. Collective action aids in the efficient use and protection of natural resources and helps the poor secure land rights by advocating for themselves and their best interests. Secure individual or communal property rights to natural resources, such as land, water, trees, livestock, fish, and genetic resources, are vital to rural people’s livelihoods because they ensure income and provide incentives to invest in productive technologies and sustainably manage resources.

Nonlinear Dynamics of Livestock Assets: Evidence from Ethiopia

Authors
Bjorn Van Campenhout, Stefan Dercon
Publisher
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
Publication date
Location
https://www.ifpri.org/publication/nonlinear-dynamics-livestock-assets-evidence-ethiopia-evidence-ethiopia-evidence-ethiopia-evidence-ethiopia
Country

Recent research on the intertemporal dynamics of poverty using microeconomic data often hints at the existence of poverty traps, where some find themselves trapped at a low-level stable equilibrium while others enjoy a higher stable equilibrium. Without a sizable positive shock to well-being, those trapped at the low equilibrium will not automatically outgrow destitution, but merely fluctuate around that low-level equilibrium. Given the dramatic policy consequences implied by such a theory, knowledge about the location of the different equilibria would be extremely helpful.

Inheritance Practices and Gender Differences in Poverty and Well-Being in Rural Ethiopia
Authors
Neha Kumar, Agnes Quisumbing
Publisher
Development Policy Review
Publication date
yuan 20 Aug, 2012 12:54
Location
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1467-7679.2012.00589.x
Source / Citation
Neha Kumar and Agnes Quisumbing 2012. "Inheritance Practices and Gender Differences in Poverty and Well-Being in Rural Ethiopia" Development Policy Review 30(5): 573-595. Special issue on Inheritance and the intergenerational transmission of poverty.
Country

This article examines the role of men's and women's asset inheritance in poverty and well-being in rural Ethiopia. Data from the Ethiopian Rural Household Survey (1997, 2004, and 2009) are used to investigate the following. (i) What is the long-term impact of gender differentials in inheritance on household consumption, poverty and food security? (ii) Are there significant differences in poverty and well-being between male-and female-headed households?

No. 0001 - Poverty, Growth, and Income Distribution in Kenya: A SAM Perspective
Authors
Wachira Rhoda Gakuru and Naomi Muthoni Mathenge
Publisher
AGRODEP
Publication date
soonho 20 Jun, 2012 12:09
Source / Citation
Gakuru, W. R. and Mathenge, N. M., 2012. Poverty, Growth, and Income Distribution in Kenya: A SAM Perspective. AGRODEP Working Paper 0001. Washington, DC: International Food Policy Research Institute.
Country

This study seeks to highlight the level of income inequality in Kenya and its implications on various poverty reduction policies. The 2003 Kenya SAM is used to develop a multiplier simulation model which tracks the linkages among demand-driven shocks and economic growth, income generation, and income distribution for different economic groups.

HUNGER AND MALNUTRITION

Authors
John Hoddinott, Mark Rosegrant, and Maximo Torero
Publisher
Copenhagen Census Center
Publication date
Location
http://copenhagenconsensus.com/Default.aspx?ID=1633

A Challenge Paper on Hunger and Malnutrition has been written by John Hoddinott, Mark Rosegrant, and Maximo Torero and released by the Copenhagen Consensus Center.

Poverty and Prime-Age Mortality in Eastern and Southern Africa: Evidence from Zambia and Kenya
Authors
Antony Chapoto, Lilian Kirimi, Suneetha Kadiyala
Publisher
World Development
Publication date
Anonymous (not verified) 18 May, 2012 13:28
Location
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305750X12000927
Country

Using nationwide longitudinal household survey data from rural Kenya (1997–2004) and Zambia (2001–2004), we estimate probit models to identify the socio-economic correlates of disease-related mortality of individuals between the ages of 15 and 59.

2011 Global Hunger Index
Authors
von Grebmer, Klaus;
Torero, Maximo;
Olofinbiyi, Tolulope;
Fritschel, Heidi;
Wiesmann, Doris;
Yohannes, Yisehac;
Schofield, Lilly;
von Oppeln, Constanze
Publisher
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Concern Worldwide, Welthungerhilfe
Publication date
yuan 26 Apr, 2012 15:35
Location
http://www.ifpri.org/publication/2011-global-hunger-index
Source / Citation
von Grebmer K, Torero M, Olofinbiyi T, Fritschel H, Wiesmann D, Yohannes Y, Schofield L, von Oppeln C. “Global Hunger Index. The challenge of hunger: Taming price spikes and excessive food price volatility.” International Food Policy Research Institute, Concern World Wide, Detsche Welthugerhilfe e.v. Washington D. C., Dublin, Bonn.

"The 2011 Global Hunger Index, published jointly by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Concern Worldwide, and Welthungerhilfe, shows that although the world has made some progress in reducing hunger, the proportion of hungry people remains too high. Of course, the absolute number of hungry people remains unacceptably high as well. This is the sixth year that IFPRI has calculated the Global Hunger Index and analyzed this multidimensional measure of global hunger.

Estimating the Short-Run Poverty Impacts of the 2010–11 Surge in Food Prices

Authors
Maros Ivanic, Will Martin, and Hassan Zaman
Publisher
Agriculture and Rural Development Team, Development Research Group, World Bank
Publication date
Last version on
Location
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/servlet/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2011/04/13/000158349_20110413081249/Rendered/PDF/WPS5633.pdf
Source / Citation
Ivanic, M., Martin, W. and Zaman, H. 2011. "Estimating the Short-run Poverty Impacts of the 2010–11 Surge in Food Prices." Policy Research Working Paper No. 5633. Washington, DC : World Bank, April.

Global food prices have increased substantially since mid-2010, as have prices in many developing countries. In this study we assess the poverty impact of the price changes between June and December 2010 in twentyeight low and middle income countries. This is done by gathering detailed information on individual households' food production and consumption levels for thirtyeight agricultural and food commodities to assess the impacts on household welfare.