Agricultural Markets and Prices

Managing Agricultural Commercialization for Inclusive Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa
AGRODEP Author
Authors
Johann Kirsten, Mariam Mapila, Julius Okello, Sourovi De
Publisher
Global Development Network
Publication date
kathryn.kincheloe 20 Feb, 2013 12:37
Location
http://digital.agripolicyoutreach.org/54551/Managing-agricultural-commercialization-for-inclusive-growth-in-Sub-Saharan-Africa/Research-Paper
Source / Citation
Kirsten, J., M. Mapila, J. Okello, and S. De, "Managing Agricultural Commercialization for Inclusive Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa", GDN Policy Research Paper 1, June 2012.
The commercialization of smallholder agriculture has been considered a key strategy for sustainably reducing poverty and for achieving equitable growth in many countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. The level of success of the strategy in different countries in the region has however been varied with some countries exhibiting far greater success than others.

Farmer based organizations in Ghana

Authors
Adam Salifu, Rebecca Lee Funk, Meagan Keefe, and Shashidhara Kolavalli
Publisher
International Food Policy Research Institute
Publication date
Location
https://www.ifpri.org/publication/farmer-based-organizations-ghana
Source / Citation
Salifu, A., R. L. Funk, M. Keefe, and S. Kolavalli "Farmer based organizations in Ghana", IFPRI/GSSP Working Paper No. 31, August 2012.
Country

In recent years, there has been renewed interest among both public and private organizations to establish farmer based organizations (FBOs) in Ghana.

Urban food retail in Africa: The case of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Authors
Thomas Woldu, Girum Abebe, Indra Lamoot, and Bart Minten
Publisher
International Food Policy Research Institute and Ethiopian Development Research Institute
Publication date
Location
https://www.ifpri.org/publication/urban-food-retail-africa
Source / Citation
Woldu, T., G. Abebe, I. Lamoot, and B. Minten. "Urban food retail in Africa: The case of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia," IFPRI & EDRI, ESSP Working Paper No. 50, January 2013
Country

We study food retail in Addis Ababa, one of the biggest cities in Africa. Based on a primary survey of food retail outlets selling cereals, fruits and vegetables, and processed foods, we note high variation in quality and prices in the city and an increasing differentiation in food retail markets in recent years. On the high-end, we see the emergence of domestic (as foreign direct investment in retail is not allowed) private modern retail outlets that deliver high quality products at high prices and that focus mostly on wealthier areas and consumers.

Market integration in Mozambique: A non-parametric extension to the threshold model

Authors
Bjorn Van Campenhout
Publisher
International Food Policy Research Institute/ Mozambique Strategy Support Program
Publication date
Location
https://www.ifpri.org/publication/market-integration-mozambique
Source / Citation
Van Campenhout, B. "Market integration in Mozambique: A non-parametric extension to the threshold model," IFPRI/MozzSSP Working Paper No. 4, November 2012.
Country

A well-integrated market system is central to a well-functioning market economy (Dercon, 1995). As production decisions are based on observed prices, the most efficient allocation of resources would come about when prices represent scarcity conditions. In other words, a large network of markets connected by fast and efficient arbitrage is needed in order to exploit spatial comparative advantages (Fackler and Goodwin, 2001).

Spatial Analysis of Livestock Production Patterns in Ethiopia

Authors
Helina Tilahun, Emily Schmidt
Publisher
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
Publication date
Location
https://www.ifpri.org/publication/spatial-analysis-livestock-production-patterns-ethiopia
Country

The livestock sector is a large contributor to the Ethiopian economy as well as a mainstay in the livelihoods of many Ethiopians. It comprised 11 percent of national GDP and 24 percent of agricultural GDP between the years of 1995/96 and 2005/06 (NBE 2005/06). Livestock production and markets vary substantially across space in Ethiopia due to a variety of reasons including topographical variations, market access, water availability, and population characteristics.

The partially liberalized cocoa sector in Ghana

Authors
Shashidhara Kolavalli, Marcella Vigneri, Haruna Maamah, John Poku
Publisher
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
Publication date
Location
https://ebrary.ifpri.org/digital/collection/p15738coll2/id/127140
Country

The cocoa sector in Ghana is one of few examples of an export commodity sector in an African country that has withstood the pressure to fully liberalize. Despite substantial government control over internal and external marketing via the Ghana Cocoa Board (COCOBOD), the current institutional arrangement is able to pass on a significant share of export prices to farmers, a key objective of the liberalization of commodity markets in Africa.

A 2007 Social Accounting Matrix for Malawi (documentation)

Authors
Douillet, Mathilde; Pauw, Karl; Thurlow, James
Publisher
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
Publication date
Version Number
1
Location
https://www.ifpri.org/sites/default/files/publications/2007malawi_sam.pdf
Source / Citation
Douillet M, Pauw, K and Thurlow J (2012). A 2007 Social Accounting Matrix for Malawi. International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington DC, USA.
Country

This paper documents a Malawian Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) for the year 2007. The SAM is based on newly estimated supply-use tables, national accounts, government budgets, and balance of payments. The SAM reconciles these data using cross-entropy estimation techniques. The final SAM is a detailed representation of Malawi’s economy.

A 2007 Social Accounting Matrix for Uganda (documentation)
Authors
James Thurlow
Publisher
IFPRI
Publication date
soonho 13 Aug, 2012 11:47
Location
https://www.ifpri.org/sites/default/files/publications/2007uganda_sam.pdf
Country

This paper documents a Ugandan Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) for the year 2007. The SAM is based on newly estimated supply-use tables, national accounts, government budgets, and balance of payments. The SAM reconciles these data using cross-entropy estimation techniques. The final SAM is a detailed representation of Uganda’s economy. It separates 37 activities and commodities; 5 types of factors of production; and 5 representative household groups.

OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2012-2021 Report

Publisher
OECD-FAO
Publication date
Location
https://read.oecd-ilibrary.org/agriculture-and-food/oecd-fao-agricultural-outlook-2012_agr_outlook-2012-en

Recent OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook reports have focused on high and volatile agricultural commodity prices, stressing that prices would come down as markets respond but would remain on a higher plateau underpinned by continuing strong demand and rising costs for some inputs. As anticipated, prices have started to ease but remain at relatively high levels. Food price infl ation at the retail level has fallen signifi cantly from its peak in 2008 and its contribution to overall infl ation has moderated.

The Structure and Trends of Public Expenditure on Agriculture in Mozambique

Authors
Helder Zavale, Gilead Mlay, Duncan Boughton, Adriano Chamusso and Pius Chilonda
Publisher
Regional Strategic Analysis and Knowledge Support System (ReSAKSS)
Publication date
Last version on
Location
http://www.resakss.org/index.php?pdf=50968
Source / Citation
Zavale, H., Mlay, G., Boughton, D., Chamusso, A., and Chilonda, P. "The Structure and Trends of Public Expenditure on Agriculture in Mozambique." ReSAKSS Working Paper 34. 2011.
Country

The Regional Strategic Analysis and Knowledge Support System (ReSAKSS) is an Africa-wide network of regional nodes supporting the Common Market of Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the Southern African Development Community (SADC), in collaboration with the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and the Africa-based centers of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), to facilitate the implementation of AU/NEPAD&rs