Why has Africa become a Net Food Importer? Explaining Africa Agricultural and Food Trade Deficits

Manitra A. Rakotoarisoa, Massimo Iafrate, and Marianna Paschali 
Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations 

High-income countries in Africa had high net food imports per capita, but they did not have problems paying for their large food imports because they had ample sources of foreign currencies. [...] Conversely, low-income countries imported less food per capita, but their agricultural export revenues, or even sometimes, their total merchandise export revenues, could not cover their relatively small food import bills.

Publication date: 
12 Déc, 2011