Ethiopia’s value chains on the move: The case of teff

Bart Minten, Seneshaw Tamru, Ermias Engida and Tadesse Kuma 
International Food Policy Research Institute and Ethiopian Development Research Institute 

We study the value chain of teff, Ethiopia’s most important staple food crop by area and value. Based on large-scale primary surveys, we find significant changes in the last decade. First, there is increasing adoption of modern inputs (chemical fertilizer, improved varieties, and herbicides) by farmers, especially by those living close to urban centers. Second, quality demands are rising and there are important shifts from the cheap red varieties to the more expensive white ones. Third, we see an increasing willingness-to-pay for convenience in urban areas, as illustrated by the emer-gence of one-stop retail shops—that provide sales, cleaning, milling, and transport services—as well as by a sizable foodservice industry. Fourth, the share of rural–urban marketing, urban distribution, and milling margins in final retail prices is declining, indicating improved marketing efficiency over time.

Publication date: 
1 Avr, 2013 
Source / Citation: 

Minten, B., S. Tamru, E. Engida and T. Kuma. "Ethiopia's value chains on the move: The case of teff," IFPRI/ESSP Working Paper No. 52, April 2013.